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Characterization of a fetal liver cell population endowed with long-term multiorgan endothelial reconstitution potential

AuthorsCañete, Ana CSIC; Comaills, Valentine CSIC ORCID; Prados, Isabel CSIC; Ybot, Patricia; Bockamp, Ernesto; Göttgens, Berthold; Sánchez, María José CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2017
AlphaMed Press
CitationStem Cells 35(2): 507-521 (2017)
AbstractStable reconstitution of vascular endothelial beds upon transplantation of progenitor cells represents an important challenge due to the paucity and generally limited integration/expansion potential of most identified vascular related cell subsets. We previously showed that mouse fetal liver (FL) hemato/vascular cells from day 12 of gestation (E12), expressing the Stem Cell Leukaemia (SCL) gene enhancer transgene (SCL-PLAP cells), had robust endothelial engraftment potential when transferred to the blood stream of newborns or adult conditioned recipients, compared to the scarce vascular contribution of adult bone marrow cells. However, the specific SCL-PLAP hematopoietic or endothelial cell subset responsible for the long-term reconstituting endothelial cell (LTR-EC) activity and its confinement to FL developmental stages remained unknown. Using a busulfan-treated newborn transplantation model, we show that LTR-EC activity is restricted to the SCL-PLAPVE-cadherinCD45 cell population, devoid of hematopoietic reconstitution activity and largely composed by Lyve1 endothelial-committed cells. SCL-PLAP Ve-cadherinCD45 cells contributed to the liver sinusoidal endothelium and also to the heart, kidney and lung microvasculature. LTR-EC activity was detected at different stages of FL development, yet marginal activity was identified in the adult liver, revealing unknown functional differences between fetal and adult liver endothelial/endothelial progenitors. Importantly, the observations that expanding donor-derived vascular grafts colocalize with proliferating hepatocyte-like cells and participate in the systemic circulation, support their functional integration into young livers. These findings offer new insights into the engraftment, phonotypical, and developmental characterization of a novel endothelial/endothelial progenitor cell subtype with multiorgan LTR-EC activity, potentially instrumental for the treatment/genetic correction of vascular diseases.
Descriptionet al.
Publisher version (URL)
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/stem.2494
e-issn: 1549-4918
issn: 1066-5099
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