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Preparation of phosphorescent iridium(III) complexes with a dianionic C,C,C,C-tetradentate ligand

AuthorsEsteruelas, Miguel A. ; López, Ana M. ; Oñate, Enrique ; San-Torcuato, Ainhoa; Tsai, Jui-Yi; Xia, Chuanjun
Issue Date2018
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationInorganic Chemistry 57(7): 3720-3730 (2018)
AbstractThe preparation and photophysical properties of heteroleptic iridium(III) complexes containing a dianionic C,C,C,C-tetradentate ligand and a cyclometalated phenylpyridine group are described. Complex [Ir(μ-OMe)(COD)]2 (1, COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) reacts with 1,1-diphenyl-3,3-butylenediimidazolium iodide ([PhIm(CH2)4ImPh]I2), in the presence NaOtBu, to give [Ir(μ-I){κ4-C,C,C,C-[C6H4Im(CH2)4ImC6H4]}]2 (2), which leads to {[Ir{κ4-C,C,C,C-[C6H4Im(CH2)4ImC6H4]}]2(μ-OH)(μ-OMe)} (3) by treatment first with silver trifluoromethanesulfonate (AgOTf) in acetone–dichloromethane and subsequently with KOH in methanol. The reaction of 2 with AgOTf and acetonitrile affords the bis(solvento) complex [Ir{κ4-C,C,C,C-[C6H4Im(CH2)4ImC6H4]}(CH3CN)2]OTf (4). The latter promotes the pyridyl-supported heterolytic ortho-CH bond activation of the phenyl group of 2-phenylpyridine, 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)pyridine, 2-(p-tolyl)pyridine, and 5-methyl-2-phenylpyridine to yield Ir{κ4-C,C,C,C-[C6H4Im(CH2)4ImC6H4]}{κ2-C,N-[Ar-py]} (Ar-py = C6H4-py (5), C6H2F2-py (6), C6H3Me-py (7), C6H4-Mepy (8)) using (piperidinomethyl)polystyrene as an external base. Complexes 5–8 are blue-green emitters, which display short lifetimes (0.6–4.8 μs) and quantum yields close to unity in both doped poly(methyl methacrylate) films at 5 wt % and in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran at room temperature.
DescriptionSynopsis: Binding of a bis(aryl-N-heterocyclic carbene) as a tetradentate ligand to iridium(III) combined with a cyclometalated phenylpyridine ligand leads to complexes that are highly efficient blue-green emitters with quantum yields close to unity.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b02993
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