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The structure of VgrG1 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the needle tip of the bacterial type VI secretion system

AuthorsSpínola-Amilibia, Mercedes ; Davó-Siguero, Irene; Ruiz, Federico M. ; Santillana, Elena ; Medrano, Francisco Javier; Romero, Antonio
KeywordsP. aeruginosa
X-ray crystallography
Issue Date1-Jan-2016
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationActa Cryst D72, 22-33 (2016)
AbstractThe type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a mechanism that is commonly used by pathogenic bacteria to infect host cells and for survival in competitive environments. This system assembles on a core baseplate and elongates like a phage puncturing device; it is thought to penetrate the target membrane and deliver effectors into the host or competing bacteria. Valine-glycine repeat protein G1 (VgrG1) forms the spike at the tip of the elongating tube formed by haemolysin co-regulated protein 1 (Hcp1); it is structurally similar to the T4 phage (gp27)3-(gp5)3 puncturing complex. Here, the crystal structure of full-length VgrG1 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa is reported at a resolution of 2.0 Å, which through a trimeric arrangement generates a needle-like shape composed of two main parts, the head and the spike, connected via a small neck region. The structure reveals several remarkable structural features pointing to the possible roles of the two main segments of VgrG1: the head as a scaffold cargo domain and the β-roll spike with implications in the cell-membrane puncturing process and as a carrier of cognate toxins.
Description38 p.-5 fig.-1 tab.-2 fig. supl.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S2059798315021142
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