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Solution conformation of a cohesin module and its scaffoldin linker from a prototypical cellulosome.

AutorGalera-Prat, Albert ; Pantoja-Uceda, D.; Laurents, D.V. ; Carrión Vázquez, M.
Palabras claveScaffoldin
Biofuels
CipA
Climate change
Cellulosome
Cohesin
Linker
NMR spectroscopy
Fecha de publicación24-feb-2018
EditorElsevier
CitaciónArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Volume 644, 15 April 2018, Pages 1-7
ResumenBacterial cellulases are drawing increased attention as a means to obtain plentiful chemical feedstocks and fuels from renewable lignocellulosic biomass sources. Certain bacteria deploy a large extracellular multi-protein complex, called the cellulosome, to degrade cellulose. Scaffoldin, a key non-catalytic cellulosome component, is a large protein containing a cellulose-specific carbohydrate-binding module and several cohesin modules which bind and organize the hydrolytic enzymes. Despite the importance of the structure and protein/protein interactions of the cohesin module in the cellulosome, its structure in solution has remained unknown to date. Here, we report the backbone 1H, 13C and 15N NMR assignments of the Cohesin module 5 from the highly stable and active cellulosome from Clostridium thermocellum. These data reveal that this module adopts a tightly packed, well folded and rigid structure in solution. Furthermore, since in scaffoldin, the cohesin modules are connected by linkers we have also characterized the conformation of a representative linker segment using NMR spectroscopy. Analysis of its chemical shift values revealed that this linker is rather stiff and tends to adopt extended conformations. This suggests that the scaffoldin linkers act to minimize interactions between cohesin modules. These results pave the way towards solution studies on cohesin/dockerin's fascinating dual-binding mode.
Versión del editorhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003986117307270?via%3Dihub
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/162715
ISSN0003-9861
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