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A new look at the archaeological record of the Iberian Final Iron Age: society and settlement patterns through the analysis of rural contexts in the Iberian Southeast

AutorLópez-Mondéjar, Leticia
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2017
CitaciónRural Settlement: Relating Buildings, Landscape and People in the European Iron Age (2017)
ResumenThe aim of this presenta tion is to offer a new approach to the Final Iron Age settlements in the Iberian Southeast (5th – 3rd centuries BC). The current picture of this area is characterised by a settlement pattern defined by the presence of a number of oppida which, located in str ategic points of the landscape, controlled the territory assuming the role of paramount centres and functioned as residences for the social elite. These centres have attracted the attention of the Iron Age studies in the area which have analysed in detail materials from both their necropolis and the cult places linked to them. However, archaeological data documented beyond these fortified centres point to a more complex landscape where rural settlements played a key role at social, economic and cultural lev el. In this way, a number of heterogeneous rural centres has been documented in different regional areas. Some of them show an interesting material record undoubtedly linked to individual of certain social status. Moreover, the presence of rural cult place s not linked to those oppida show the existence of parallel cults, beyond those developed from the main centres and controlled by the urban elites. This paper will suggest new ways of looking at the archaeological record of those rural areas by approaching some examples of the current Region of Murcia in the Iberian Southeast. They will provide key information about three different spheres: habitat, funerary areas and sacred spaces. By analysing these data the paper seeks to get a better understanding on th e configuration of the social and sacred landscapes of this area, in order to reach a clearer picture of the Iron Age settlement pattern of these territories.
DescripciónTrabajo presentado en el Rural Settlement: Relating Buildings, Landscape and People in the European Iron Age, celebrado en Edimburgo del 19 al 21 de junio de 2017.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/162681
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