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Influence of cadmium on the metabolic quotient, l - : d -glutamic acid respiration ratio and enzyme activity : microbial biomass ratio under laboratory conditions

AutorLandi, L.; Renella, G.; Moreno, J. L. ; Falchini, L.; Nannipieri, P.
Palabras claveL- :D-glutamic acid respiration ratio
Metabolic quotient
Enzyme activity
Cadmium availability
Fecha de publicaciónoct-2000
CitaciónBiology and Fertility of Soils 32(1): 8-16 (2000)
ResumenThis study was carried out to investigate the effect of very high cadmium concentrations (50 and 500 μg Cd g–1 soil) on some biochemical and microbiological measurements under laboratory conditions involving daily soil samplings. The data for both DTPA- and water-soluble Cd showed two distinctive patterns during soil incubation; from 0 to 4 days, values were about 50–500 and 1–100 μg g–1 dry weight soil, whereas they decreased markedly after 7 days. Both daily respiration and the ATP content but not the microbial biomass C determined by the fumigation–extraction method were lowered by high DTPA- and water-soluble Cd concentrations. Dehydrogenase and phosphatase activities as well as both enzyme activity : microbial biomass ratios were decreased by the high DTPA- and water-soluble Cd concentrations. In the first 2 days of incubation, the metabolic quotient (qCO2) was also decreased by the highest values of available Cd. The early (after 6 h) mineralization of l- but not d-glutamic acid to CO2 was inhibited during the 0–4 day incubation period by the highest Cd concentration. Possibly the l-enantiomer was used by a larger fraction of soil microorganisms than the d-enantiomer or, if they were used by the same fraction of soil microorganisms, the d-enantiomer was mineralized at a lower rate. The l- : d-glutamic acid respiration ratio was decreased by the high available Cd content because under polluted conditions soil microorganisms probably discriminated less between the two stereoisomers of glutamic acid.
Descripción9 pages, 6 tables, 1 figure.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003740000205
ISSN1432-0789 (Online)
0178-2762 (Print)
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