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A large-scale comparison of the position of countries in international collaboration and mobility according to their scientific capacities

AuthorsChinchilla-Rodríguez, Zaida CSIC ORCID CVN ; Miao, Lili; Murray, Dakota; Robinson-García, Nicolás; Costas Comesaña, Rodrigo CSIC ORCID; Sugimoto, Cassidy R.
Issue Date2017
CitationSTI Conference (2017)
AbstractThis work presents a preliminary analysis of the relationship between collaboration and mobility indicators at the country level. The results show that there is a significant relation between the flow of mobile researchers and the capacity for publishing with foreign partners in the more prolific countries. The number of countries in collaboration and mobility is significantly related and it is expected that the increase (or decrease) of countries with co-affiliation will be proportional to that in the number in international collaboration.; Size matters and scientific relationship are highly resource-dependent. Less developed countries present the highest ratios of collaboration and as opposed to the most advanced ones. However, the advanced and proficient countries accumulated 87% of mobile authors and international publications with an extremely low representation of mobility in developing and lagging countries. In all cases, mobility is lower than collaboration. Advanced countries serve as the main partners, especially for proficient and developing countries, while the lagging countries tend to share mobile researchers among themselves.; In addition, the possibilities to reach foreigner partners depends on the capacities of countries. The distribution of the number of partners in collaboration and mobility is an important variable in determining the extent to which the internationalization process take place among a different set of countries or to reveal the gap between those countries that have a high presence in one dimension and low in the other one.; This empirical analysis is necessary to construct a more robust framework to better support the assessment of different scientific systems beyond generalist rankings. These indicators will be useful for science policy analysts and decision makers seeking to invest in programs that will foster mobility and international partnerships.
DescriptionTrabajo presentado a la Science, Technology and Innovation indicators (STI) Conference, celebrada en Paris (Francia) del 6 al 8 de septiembre de 2017.
Appears in Collections:(INGENIO) Comunicaciones congresos
(CCHS-IPP) Comunicaciones congresos
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