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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar a este item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/16246

Bioremediation of Soil Degraded by Sewage Sludge: Effects on Soil Properties and Erosion Losses

AutorRos Muñoz, Margarita Matilde ; Hernández Fernández, María Teresa; García Izquierdo, Carlos
Palabras claveSewage sludge
Microbial activity
Soil restoration
Soil loss
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2003
CitaciónEnvironmental Management 31(6): 741-747 (2003)
ResumenSoils in the Mediterranean area are very prone to erosion due to the loss of organic matter and the consequent lack of protective vegetation. In this experiment a Mediterranean degraded soil with a 15% slope was amended at a rate of 250 t ha–1 wet weight with sewage sludge and with a mixture of sewage sludge and barley straw (70% carbon from sewage sludge and 30% from the straw) in order to study their influence on soil structure recovery and hence the soilsrsquos resistance to erosion processes. Both types of organic amendment led to an improvement in several soil properties (physical, biological, and microbiological) as a result of the spontaneous growth plant covering that became evident three months after amendment. This vegetation remained throughout the two years of the experiment and prevented the water erosion processes that normally precede soil degradation. Amendment by sewage sludge alone reduced soil loss by 80% compared with the control soil, while the mixture that included both sewage sludge and barley straw reduced losses by 84%, both reducing runoff by 57%. The amended soils showed increases in the percentage of stable aggregates, the levels of the total and water-soluble C fractions, microbial biomass C, basal respiration, and the activity of the different enzymes involved in the biogeochemical cycles of C, N, and P. The results confirm the usefulness of sewage sludge as an organic amendment for recovering damaged soils.
Descripción7 pages, 4 tables, 2 figures.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-002-2839-8
ISSN1432-1009 (Online)
0364-152X (Print)
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