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Morphometric distinction between bilobate phytoliths from Panicum miliaceum and Setaria italica leaves

AutorOut, Welmoed A. ; Madella, Marco
Palabras clavePrehistory
Archaeobotany
Panicum miliaceum
Setaria italica
Broomtail millet
Proso millet
Foxtail millet
Phytolith morphometry
Bilobates
Leaf anatomy
Identification criteria
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorSpringer
CitaciónArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences (8/3) : 505-521 (2016)
ResumenThe development of identification criteria for crop plants based on phytoliths is of high relevance for archaeology, palaeoecology and plant systematics. While identification criteria are available for major food crops, these are mostly based on phytoliths from inflorescences, while other plant parts remain undetected. This paper focuses on bilobate phytoliths from leaves of Panicum miliaceum L. (common millet) and Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. (foxtail millet), two taxa that co-occur in regions of Asia and Europe since prehistory and regularly occur at archaeological sites in Eurasia. Leaves of the investigated taxa were systematically sampled to explore the variation of short cells and to collect 27 morphometric variables of bilobate phytoliths with newly developed open-source software. The data was analysed by discriminant analysis, analysis of variance and multiple comparison tests. The resulting morphometric data from five populations per species enables a distinction between the bilobate phytoliths of P. miliaceum and S. italica. Observed differences between populations within species affect only few parameters. This possibility to classify populations of bilobate phytoliths from P. miliaceum and S. italica leaves offers a new method for the detection and identification of these taxa in archaeology, amongst others.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-015-0235-6
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12520-015-0235-6
https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs12520-015-0235-6.pdf
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/162391
DOI10.1007/s12520-015-0235-6
ISSN1866-9557
E-ISSN1866-9565
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