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Dynamics and trophic impact of two Lessepsian Scyphozoa species in the Lagoon of Bizerte (South-Western Mediterranean Sea)

AuthorsGueroun, S.K.M.; Salhi, Nousseiba; Piraino, Stefano; Deidun, Alan; Fuentes, Veronica ; Kéfi-Daly Yahia, Ons; Nejib Daly Yahia, Mohamed
Issue Date30-May-2016
PublisherCSIC - Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (ICM)
Citation5th International Jellyfish Bloom Symposium : Abstact book: 99 (2016)
AbstractAlien Scyphozoa species might be a threat for the zooplankton community and therefore for the entire pelagic trophic web, which can lead to socio-economic repercussions. Here we investigated the population dynamics and predatory impact on mesozooplankton community structure of two Lessepsian immigrant Scyphozoa species, Aurelia sp.8 and Phyllorhiza punctata in Bizerte Lagoon (Tunisia, SW Mediterranean Sea), over a two-year period, from June 2012 to June 2014. The two species exhibited two different occurrence periods driven by environmental parameters (temperature and salinity mainly). Differences in the abundance of both species were observed between the two years, with a higher abundance in 2012 for Phyllorhiza punctata and in 2013 for Aurelia sp.8. The predatory impact of Aurelia sp.8 was specially investigated through gut contents analyses, and measurements of digestion times, feeding rates and of the predation impact on mesozooplankton daily production. The results suggest a high but temporally-limited predation impact of Aurelia sp.8. The combination of different multivariate statistical analysis (PCA, CA and CCA) showed the top-down control imposed by Aurelia sp.8 and Phyllorhiza punctata on the mesozooplankton community structure in Bizerte Lagoon. We hypothesize that the relatively low abundance and the short life span of each species avoids potential overexploitation of the mesozooplankton community, allowing the establishment of resident jellyfish populations
Description5th International Jellyfish Bloom Symposium, 30 May to 3 June 2016, Barcelona.-- 1 page
Publisher version (URL)http://www.jellyfishbloom2016.com/
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Comunicaciones congresos
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