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Upstream vs. downstream antecedents of academic entrepreneurship: Are scientific discoveries or interactions with users what matters?

AuthorsD'Este Cukierman, Pablo ; Llopis Córcoles, Óscar; Ramos-Vielba, Irene; Sánchez Barrioluengo, Mabel ; Yegros Yegros, Alfredo
KeywordsAcademic entrepreneurship
Technology transfer
Intellectual property rights
Organisational support
Academic spin-offs
Issue Date2016
CitationSPRU 50th Anniversary Conference (2016)
AbstractThis paper contributes to expand our understanding of academics' participation in academic entrepreneurship and technology transfer by exploring two specific knowledge-based antecedents which emanates from research activities: upstream knowledge sources gained through outstanding individuals' contributions to scientific discoveries and downstream knowledge sources obtained through researchers' interactions with potential beneficiaries of research. We find a reinforcing effect for those scientists who jointly combine both knowledge sources: they are more likely to be involved in academic spin-offs. This reinforcing effect is not observed, however, for the involvement in technology transfer. Additionally, we examine the influence exerted by a supportive organisational environment for commercialisation activities at the department or research institute levels. Our results show that organisational support is particularly positive and significant in the case of scientists who exhibit lower levels of upstream knowledge sources (that is, those scientists with comparatively weaker profiles in terms of outstanding scientific contributions over their professional trajectories).
DescriptionTrabajo presentado a la Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) 50th Anniversary Conference, celebrada en la University of Sussex (UK) del 7 al 9 de septiembre de 2016, con el lema: "Transforming Innovation: Science and Technology for Social Needs".
Appears in Collections:(INGENIO) Comunicaciones congresos
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