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Effects of mesoscale structures on the distribution of cephalopod paralarvae in the Gulf of California and adjacent Pacific

AutorRuvalcaba-Aroche, Erick D.; Sánchez-Velasco, Laura; Beier, Emilio; Godínez, Víctor M.; Barton, Eric D. ; Pacheco, María R.
Palabras claveParalarvae
“SD complex”
Mesoscale structures
Water masses
Gulf of California
Eastern tropical-subtropical Pacific
Fecha de publicación2018
CitaciónDeep Sea Research - Part I - Oceanographic Research Papers 131: 62-74 (2018)
ResumenVertical distribution of the cephalopod paralarvae was investigated in relation to a system of two cyclonic and three anticyclonic eddies in the southern Gulf of California and a front in the adjacent Pacific Ocean. Results showed that the preferential habitat for the Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis – Dosidicus gigas “SD-complex” in both regions was the oxygenated surface mixed layer and the thermocline. The highest abundances occurred in of one of the anticyclonic eddies and a frontal zone, which are convergent structures. Enoploteuthid and Pyroteuthid paralarvae both displayed their highest abundances in the thermocline. Pyroteuthids dominated in the cyclonic eddy whereas Enoploteuthidae were less evident in the eddy system. Pyroteuthids were observed on the western (California Current) side of the frontal zone, and Enoploteuthids on its eastern (Gulf of California) side. The octopods and the complex of Ommastrephes-Eucleoteuthis-Hyaloteuthis paralarvae were present below the thermocline. Both groups had a scarce presence in the eddy system and high abundance near the frontal zone. The octopods abounded on the eastern side in association with the low dissolved oxygen concentrations (< 44 µmol kg−1) of Subtropical-Subsurface Water; the complex on the western front side was immersed in California Current Water. It may be concluded that the spawning and early stages of development of these cephalopod groups are associated with particular mesoscale structures of the water masses. For example, the “SD complex” inhabits the surface water masses, preferentially in convergence zones generated by mesoscale activity
Descripción13 pages, 3 tables, 9 figures
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2017.11.005
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