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The effect of molecular shape on the thermotropic liquid crystal behavior of monolauroylated amino acid glyceride conjugates

AuthorsMorán, María del Carmen; Pinazo Gassol, Aurora ; Clapés Saborit, Pere ; Infante, María Rosa ; Pons Pons, Ramon
KeywordsPolarized Light Microscopy
MCG Method
Liquid Crystal
Monoacylglycerol amino acid
Issue Date5-Nov-2005
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Physical Chemistry B 109(48): 22899–22908 (2005)
AbstractMonoacylglycerol amino acid conjugates constitute a novel class of specific biocompatible surfactants that can be considered analogues to partial glycerides and lysophospholipids. They consist of one aliphatic chain and one polar head, i.e., the amino acid, linked through a glycerol moiety. In a previous work, we synthesized monolauroylated amino acid glyceride conjugates, 1-O-lauroyl-rac-glycero-3-O-(Nα-acetyl-l-amino acid), changing the amino acid headgroup systematically: arginine (compound 2), aspartic acid (compound 3), glutamic acid (compound 4), asparagine (compound 5), glutamine (compound 6), and tyrosine (compound 7), to elucidate the structure−properties relationship governing the occurrence of their polymorphism. The thermotropism of the new compounds was measured with polarizing light microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and X-ray diffraction and compared with the classical monoglyceride rac-1-lauroylglycerol (compound 1). The experiments were performed for a sequence of heating, cooling, and reheating scans. The results showed that compounds 1−6 exhibit a thermotropic smectic phase. As a consequence, the substitution of the polar head did not engender any curvature into the system, which might lead to the formation of cubic or columnar phases. Interestingly, liquid crystalline phases were not found in the case of compound 7. Small-angle X-ray diffraction data in the gel phase revealed that the substitution of the polar head by the different amino acid structures did not modify significantly the lamellar repeat distance relative to that of the reference one. The observed area per molecule, however, was larger for the new compounds. Consequently, interdigitation was promoted in compounds 2−7. The diffraction patterns were analyzed in terms of electron density profiles, using a modified Caillé theory plus a Gaussian electron density representation (MCG method) on X-ray diffraction data.
Description10 pages, 6 figures, 5 tables.-- PMID: 16853983 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Nov 8, 2005.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp053093l
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