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Functions of early (AP-2) and late (AIP1/ALIX) endocytic proteins in equine infectious anemia virus budding

AutorChen, Chaoping; Vincent, Olivier ; Jin, Jing; Weisz, Ora A.; Montelaro, Ronald C.
Fecha de publicación9-dic-2005
EditorAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ResumenThe proline-rich L domains of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) and other retroviruses interact with late endocytic proteins during virion assembly and budding. In contrast, the YPDL L domain of equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) is apparently unique in its reported ability to interact both with the μ2 subunit of the AP-2 adaptor protein complex and with ALG-2-interacting protein 1 (AIP1/Alix) protein factors involved in early and late endosome formation, respectively. To define further the mechanisms by which EIAV adapts vesicle trafficking machinery to facilitate virion production, we have examined the specificity of EIAV p9 binding to endocytic factors and the effects on virion production of alterations in early and late endocytic protein expression. The results of these studies demonstrated that (i) an ∼300-residue region of AIP1/Alix-(409-715) was sufficient for binding to the EIAV YPDL motif; (ii) overexpression of AIP1/Alix or AP-2 μ2 subunit specifically inhibited YPDL-mediated EIAV budding; (iii) virion budding from a replication-competent EIAV variant with its L domain replaced by the HIV PTAP sequence was inhibited by wild type or mutant μ2 to a level similar to that observed when a dominant-negative mutant of Tsg101 was expressed; and (iv) overexpression or siRNA silencing of AIP1/Alix and AP-2 revealed additive suppression of YPDL-mediated EIAV budding. Taken together, these results indicated that both early and late endocytic proteins facilitate EIAV production mediated by either YPDL or PTAP L domains, suggesting a comprehensive involvement of endocytic factors in retroviral assembly and budding that can be accessed by distinct L domain specificities.
Descripción7 p.-6 fig.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M509317200
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/161532
DOI10.1074/jbc.M509317200
ISSN0021-9258
E-ISSN1083-351X
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