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Título

Influence of one or two successive annual applications of organic fertilisers on the enzyme activity of a soil under barley cultivation

AutorMarcote, Isidora; Hernández Fernández, María Teresa; García Izquierdo, Carlos; Polo, Alfredo
Palabras claveBarley yield
Cow manure
Enzymatic activity
Municipal solid waste compost
Mineral fertilisation
Fecha de publicaciónsep-2001
EditorElsevier
CitaciónBioresource Technology 79(2): 147-154 (2001)
ResumenThe effect of cow manure and two rates of addition of municipal solid waste (MSW) compost on the enzymatic activity of a soil supporting barley cultivation was studied and compared with mineral fertilisation (MF). The experiment was carried out in unirrigated land in field conditions for two years. One set of plots was fertilised only once, at the start of the experiment, while another set of plots was fertilised annually (before each sowing). In general, the organic amendments stimulated soil enzyme activity but mineral fertilisation did not. The annual addition of large quantities of MSW compost, in general, led to lower levels of enzyme activity than similar rates of amendment in the plots receiving a single addition, probably because of the toxic effect which the heavy metals incorporated with the MSW compost had on microbial development. In the second year, plot receiving a single application of organic amendment showed higher protease hydrolysing casein, β-glucosidase and dehydrogenase activities than control or soil with mineral fertilisation. This implied that the addition of organic waste, and particularly MSW compost, had a catalysing effect in the soil which lasted for the following years. Barley yields obtained with organic amendments were, in general, similar to, or even higher, than those obtained with mineral fertilisation. The annual addition of high doses of compost had an inhibitory effect on enzyme activity and barley yield (compared with the results obtained with the low addition of compost) due to the negative effect of the heavy metals incorporated with the compost.
Descripción8 pages, 6 tables.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00048-7
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/16149
DOI10.1016/S0960-8524(01)00048-7
ISSN0960-8524
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