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Chemistry below graphene: Decoupling epitaxial graphene from metals by potential-controlled electrochemical oxidation

AutorPalacio, Irene; Otero, Gonzalo ; Alonso, Concepción; Martínez, José I. ; López-Elvira, Elena; Muñoz-Ochando, Isabel; Salavagione, Horacio J. ; López, María Francisca ; García-Hernández, M. ; Méndez, J.; Ellis, Gary James ; Martín-Gago, José A.
Palabras claveGraphene
Electrochemistry
Intercalation
Metals
Decoupling
Fecha de publicaciónabr-2018
EditorElsevier
CitaciónCarbon 129: 837-846 (2018)
ResumenWhile high-quality defect-free epitaxial graphene can be efficiently grown on metal substrates, strong interaction with the supporting metal quenches its outstanding properties. Thus, protocols to transfer graphene to insulating substrates are obligatory, and these often severely impair graphene properties by the introduction of structural or chemical defects. Here we describe a simple and easily scalable general methodology to structurally and electronically decouple epitaxial graphene from Pt(111) and Ir(111) metal surfaces. A multi-technique characterization combined with ab-initio calculations was employed to fully explain the different steps involved in the process. It was shown that, after a controlled electrochemical oxidation process, a single-atom thick metal-hydroxide layer intercalates below graphene, decoupling it from the metal substrate. This decoupling process occurs without disrupting the morphology and electronic properties of graphene. The results suggest that suitably optimized electrochemical treatments may provide effective alternatives to current transfer protocols for graphene and other 2D materials on diverse metal surfaces.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2017.12.104
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/161418
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.carbon.2017.12.104
issn: 0008-6223
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