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Phtytotoxic metabolites produced by fungal pathogens of legume crops

AutorCimmino, Alessio ; Villegas-Fernández, Ángel M. ; Andolfi, Anna; Fondevilla, Sara ; Avolio, Fabiana; Rubiales, Diego ; Evidente, Antonio
Fecha de publicaciónjul-2014
Citación10th Spanish-Italian Symposium of Organic Chemistry (2014)
ResumenFood legumes are annual and multifunctional crops with extraordinary historical importance for the agriculture and the environment of the Mediterranean basin. They are protein-rich and integral part of the Mediterranean diet. Besides, they are used for animal feed and fodder. Grown in rotation with cereals, they improve significantly soil fertility and minimise the use of inorganic nitrogen fetiilizers, contributing to a sustainable and environmentally friendly agriculture in the region. Despite their impotiance, the production of food Iegumes is decreasing in most of the Mediterranean farming systems. A major cause for this is the low and irregular yield as a consequence of biotic and abiotic stresses. The major biotic stress is represented by phytopathogenic fungi belonging to species well known as phytotoxin producers. In this communication we will illustrate the chemical and biological characterization of the phytotoxins produced by Botrytis fabae, the causal agent of chocolate spot of faba bean, and Didymella pinodes, and D. lentis the causal agents of Ascochyta blights of pea and lentil, respectively. For some phytotoxins. the relation between absolute stereochemistry and phytotoxicity will be reported, too.
DescripciónTrabajo presentado en el 10th Spanish-Italian Symposium of Organic Chemistry (SISOC-X), celebrado en Firenze del 17 al 20 de julio de 2014.
Aparece en las colecciones: (IAS) Comunicaciones congresos
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