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dc.contributor.authorDong, Huies_ES
dc.contributor.authorSchödel, Raineres_ES
dc.contributor.authorNogueras Lara, Franciscoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGallego Cano, Eulaliaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGallego Calvente, Tes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGhez, A.es_ES
dc.identifier.citationMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 471(3): 3617-3631 (2017)es_ES
dc.descriptionDong, Hui et. al.es_ES
dc.description.abstractBecause of strong and spatially highly variable interstellar extinction and extreme source crowding, the faint (K ≥ 15) stellar population in the Milky Way's nuclear star cluster is still poorly studied. RR Lyrae stars provide us with a tool to estimate the mass of the oldest, relative dim stellar population. Recently, we analysed HST/WFC3/IR observations of the central 2.3 × 2.3 arcmin2 of the Milky Way and found 21 variable stars with periods between 0.2 and 1 d. Here, we present a further comprehensive analysis of these stars. The period- luminosity relationship of RR Lyrae is used to derive their extinctions and distances. Using multiple approaches, we classify our sample as 4 RRc stars, 4 RRab stars, 3 RRab candidates and 10 binaries. Especially, the four RRab stars show sawtooth light curves and fall exactly on to the Oosterhoff I division in the Bailey diagram. Compared to the RRab stars reported by Minniti et al., our new RRab stars have higher extinction (AK > 1.8) and should be closer to the Galactic Centre. The extinction and distance of one RRab stars match those for the Milky Way's nuclear star cluster given in previous works. We perform simulations and find that after correcting for incompleteness, there could be not more than 40 RRab stars within the Milky Way's nuclear star cluster and in our field of view. Through comparing with the known globular clusters of the Milky Way, we estimate that if there exists an old, metal-poor (-1.5 < [Fe/H] < -1) stellar population in the Milky Way nuclear star cluster on a scale of 5 × 5 pc, then it contributes at most 4.7 × 105 M⊙, i.e. ~18 per cent of the stellar mass. © 2017 The Authors.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)/ERC grant agreement no [614922]. The work is also supported partly by NASA via the grant GO-14589, provided by the Space Telescope Science Institute. FN-L acknowledges financial support from an MECD predoctoral contract, code FPU14/01700. This work uses observations made with the NASA/ESA HST and the data archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.es_ES
dc.publisherOxford University Presses_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.subjectGalaxy: centrees_ES
dc.subjectInfrared: starses_ES
dc.subjectStars: variables: RR Lyraees_ES
dc.titleNear-infrared variability study of the central 2.3 × 2.3 arcmin(2) of the Galactic Centre - II. Identification of RR Lyrae stars in the Milky Way nuclear star clusteres_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Research Counciles_ES
dc.contributor.funderNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (US)es_ES
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