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Título

Bioremediation of oil refinery sludge by landfarming in semiarid conditions: Influence on soil microbial activity

AutorMarín, Antonio; Hernández Fernández, María Teresa; García Izquierdo, Carlos
Palabras claveBioremediation
Landfarming
Refinery sludge
Microbial activity
Semiarid conditions
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2005
EditorElsevier
CitaciónEnvironmental Research 98(2): 185-195 (2005)
ResumenBioremediation of a refinery sludge containing hydrocarbons in a semi-arid climate using landfarming techniques is described. The objective of this study was to assess the ability of this technique to reduce the total hydrocarbon content added to the soil with the refinery sludge in semiarid climate (low rain and high temperature). In addition, we have evaluted the effect of this techique on the microbial activity of the soil involved. For this, biological parameters (carbon fractions, microbial bilmass carbon, basal respiration and ATP) and biochemical parameters(different enzymatic activities) were determined. The results showed that 80% of the hydrocarbons were eiminated in eleven months, half of this reduction taking place during the first three months. The labile carbon fractions, MBC, basal respiration and ATP of the soils submitted to landfarming showed higher values than the control soil during the first months of the process, although these values fell down by the end of the experimental period as the hydrocarbons were degraded by mineralisation. All the enzymatic activities studied: oxydoreductases such as dehydrogenase activity, and hydrolases of C(β-glucosidase activity) and N Cycle (urease and protease) showed higher values in the soils amended with the refinery sludge than in the control. As in the case of the previous parameters, these value fell down as the bioremediation of the hydrocarbons progressed, many of them reaching levels similar to those of the control soil after eleven months.
Descripción11 pages, 5 figures, 4 tables.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2004.06.005
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/16065
DOI10.1016/j.envres.2004.06.005
ISSN0013-9351
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