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Ceramic particles obtained using W/O nano-emulsions as reaction media

AutorPorras, M.; Martínez, A.; Solans, Conxita; González, Carlos ; Gutiérrez, José M.
Palabras claveSpan/tween
W/O nano-emulsion
Non-ionic surfactant mixture
SiO2 nanoparticles
TiO2 nanoparticles
Fecha de publicación18-jul-2005
CitaciónColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 270-271: 189-194 (2005)
ResumenMonodisperse ceramic particles can be produced from water-in-oil (W/O) nano-emulsions by hydrolysis and condensation of ceramic alkoxides into aqueous droplets, thereby yielding nanoparticles of controlled size and shape. This study addressed both the formation of W/O nano-emulsions and the resultant ceramic particles obtained in reaction media. Nano-emulsions were prepared by adding water or catalyst aqueous solution to a mixture of decane and surfactants. Droplet size was determined by dynamic light scattering, with mean sizes ranging from 30 to 120 nm. Higher water concentrations resulted in larger droplets. Ceramic nanoparticles were prepared by adding ceramic alkoxides in W/O nano-emulsions. Tetraethyl orthosilicate and tetraisopropyl orthotitanate were used to obtain silica and titania nanoparticles, respectively. Ceramic nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Particles with average size from 30 to 230 nm were obtained. Particle sizes correlated with droplet sizes of those nano-emulsions were used as reaction media.
Descripción6 pages, 7 figures.-- Printed version published Dec 1, 2005.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2005.06.018
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