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Title

Three-dimensional spatial modeling of spines along dendritic networks in human cortical pyramidal neurons.

AuthorsAnton-Sanchez, Laura; Larrañaga, Pedro; Benavides-Piccione, Ruth CSIC ORCID; Fernaud-Espinosa, Isabel CSIC ORCID; DeFelipe, Javier; Bielza, Concha
Issue Date2017
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE 12: 6 (2017)
AbstractWe modeled spine distribution along the dendritic networks of pyramidal neurons in both basal and apical dendrites. To do this, we applied network spatial analysis because spines can only lie on the dendritic shaft. We expanded the existing 2D computational techniques for spatial analysis along networks to perform a 3D network spatial analysis. We analyzed five detailed reconstructions of adult human pyramidal neurons of the temporal cortex with a total of more than 32,000 spines. We confirmed that there is a spatial variation in spine density that is dependent on the distance to the cell body in all dendrites. Considering the dendritic arborizations of each pyramidal cell as a group of instances of the same observation (the neuron), we used replicated point patterns together with network spatial analysis for the first time to search for significant differences in the spine distribution of basal dendrites between different cells and between all the basal and apical dendrites. To do this, we used a recent variant of Ripley's K function defined to work along networks. The results showed that there were no significant differences in spine distribution along basal arbors of the same neuron and along basal arbors of different pyramidal neurons. This suggests that dendritic spine distribution in basal dendritic arbors adheres to common rules. However, we did find significant differences in spine distribution along basal versus apical networks. Therefore, not only do apical and basal dendritic arborizations have distinct morphologies but they also obey different rules of spine distribution. Specifically, the results suggested that spines are more clustered along apical than in basal dendrites. Collectively, the results further highlighted that synaptic input information processing is different between these two dendritic domains.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/160501
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180400
Identifiersdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180400
issn: 1932-6203
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