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Hydrolase activities, microbial biomass and bacterial community in a soil after long-term amendment with different composts

AutorRos Muñoz, Margarita Matilde ; Pascual, J. A. ; García Izquierdo, Carlos; Hernández Fernández, María Teresa; Insam, H.
Palabras claveCompost
Hydrolase activities
Microbial activity
Bacterial community
Ammonia oxidizers
Fecha de publicaciónnov-2006
CitaciónSoil Biology and Biochemistry 38(12): 3443-3452 (2006)
ResumenThe use of composts in agricultural soils is a widespread practice and the positive effects on soil and plants are known from numerous studies. However, there have been few attempts to compare the effects of different kinds of composts in one single study. The aim of this paper is to investigate to what extent and to which soil depth four major types of composts would affect the soil and its microbiota. In a crop-rotation field experiment, composts produced from (i) urban organic wastes, (ii) green wastes, (iii) manure and (iv) sewage sludge were applied at a rate equivalent to 175 kg N ha−1 yr−1 for 12 years. General (total organic C (Corg), total N (Nt), microbial biomass C (Cmic), and basal respiration), specific (enzyme activities related to C, N and P cycles), biochemical properties and bacterial genetic diversity (based on DGGE analysis of 16S rDNA) were analyzed at different depths (0–10, 10–20 and 20–30 cm). Compost treatment increased Corg at all depths from 11 g kg−1 for control soil to 16.7 g kg−1 for the case of sewage sludge compost. Total N increased with compost treatment at 0–10 cm and 10–20 cm depths, but not at 20–30 cm. Basal respiration and Cmic declined with depth, and the composts resulted in an increase of Cmic and basal respiration. Enzyme activities were different depend on the enzyme and among compost treatments, but in general, the enzyme activities were higher in the upper layers (0–10 and 10–20 cm) than in the 20–30 cm layer. Diversity of ammonia oxidizers and bacteria was lower in the control than in the compost soils. The type of compost had less influence on the composition of the microbial communities than did soil depth.
Descripción10 pages, 4 tables, 2 figures.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.05.017
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