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Nuclear jasmonate and salicylate signaling and crosstalk in defense against pathogens

AuthorsSolano, R.; Gimenez-Ibanez, S.
KeywordsSalicylic acid
Plant resistance
Plant hormones
Issue Date2013
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Plant Science 4: 72 (2013)
AbstractAn extraordinary progress has been made over the last two decades on understanding the components and mechanisms governing plant innate immunity. After detection of a pathogen, effective plant resistance depends on the activation of a complex signaling network integrated by small signaling molecules and hormonal pathways, and the balance of these hormone systems determines resistance to particular pathogens. The discovery of new components of hormonal signaling pathways, including plant nuclear hormone receptors, is providing a picture of complex crosstalk and induced hormonal changes that modulate disease and resistance through several protein families that perceive hormones within the nucleus and lead to massive gene induction responses often achieved by de-repression. This review highlights recent advances in our understanding of positive and negative regulators of these hormones signaling pathways that are crucial regulatory targets of hormonal crosstalk in disease and defense. We focus on the most recent discoveries on the jasmonate and salicylate pathway components that explain their crosstalk with other hormonal pathways in the nucleus. We discuss how these components fine-tune defense responses to build a robust plant immune system against a great number of different microbes and, finally, we summarize recent discoveries on specific nuclear hormonal manipulation by microbes which exemplify the ingenious ways by which pathogens can take control over the plant's hormone signaling network to promote disease. © 2013 Gimenez-Ibanez and Solano.
Identifiersdoi: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00072
issn: 1664-462X
Appears in Collections:(CNB) Artículos
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