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Use of organic amendment as a strategy for saline soil remediation: Influence on the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil

AutorTejada, M.; García Izquierdo, Carlos; González, J. L.; Hernández Fernández, María Teresa
Palabras claveSaline soil
Soil remediation
Cotton gin crushed compost
Poultry manure
Microbial activity
Soil enzymes
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2006
CitaciónSoil Biology and Biochemistry 38(6): 1413-1421 (2006)
ResumenThe effectiveness of adding two organic wastes (cotton gin crushed compost, CGCC, and poultry manure, PM) to a saline soil (Salorthidic Fluvaquent) in dryland conditions near Seville (Guadalquivir Valley, Andalusia, Spain) was studied during a period of 5 years. Organic wastes were applied at rates of 5 and 10 t organic matter ha−1. One year after the assay began, spontaneous vegetation had appeared in the treated plots, particularly in that receiving a high PM dose. After 5 years the plant cover in this treated plot was around 80% (compared with the 8% of the control soil). The effect on the soils physical and chemical properties, soil microbial biomass, and six soil enzymatic activities (dehydrogenase, urease, protease, β-glucosidase, arylsulfatase, and phosphatase activities) were ascertained. Both added organic wastes had a positive effect on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil, although at the end of the experimental period, the soil physical properties, such as bulk density, increased more significantly in the CGCC-amended soils (23%) and the exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP) decreased more significantly in the CGCC-amended soils (50%) compared to the unamended soil. Water soluble carbohydrates and soil biochemical properties were higher in the PM-amended soils compared to the CGCC-amended soils (by 70% for water soluble carbohydrates, and by 34, 18, 37, 39, 40 and 30% for urease, protease, β-glucosidase, phosphatase, arylsulfatase and dehydrogenase activities, respectively). After 5 years, the percentage of plant cover was >50% in all treated plots and 8% in the control soil.
Descripción9 pages, 3 tables, 3 figures.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.10.017
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