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Deficient protein kinase C-dependent Na+/H+ exchanger activity in T cells from bone marrow transplantation recipients

AuthorsIzquierdo, Manuel CSIC ORCID ; Redondo, Juan Miguel CSIC ORCID; Balboa, María A. CSIC ORCID; López-Rivas, Abelardo CSIC ORCID; Vázquez, Laura; Fernández-Rañada, José; López-Botet, Miguel
Issue Date1989
PublisherAmerican Association of Immunologists
CitationJournal of Immunology 143(7): 2185-2192 (1989)
AbstractThe early Na+/H+ exchanger-mediated alkalinization of intracellular pH (pHi) was analyzed in peripheral blood T cells from 23 bone marrow transplantation (BMT) recipients (17 allogeneic and 6 autologous) and a group of 13 healthy controls, in response to stimulation of protein kinase C (PKC) with a phorbol ester. In parallel we evaluated the proliferative response of peripheral blood T cells to an anti-CD3 mAb in the presence of either IL-2 or PMA. The pHi increase (delta pHi) observed in control samples ranged from 0.14 to 0.23 pH units (X +/- SD = 0.17 +/- 0.03). In 10 allogeneic and four autologous BMT recipients the delta pHi was under the lower limit of the control range (range: 0.01 to 0.09, X +/- SD = 0.05 +/- 0.02), whereas the remaining nine cases responded similarly to control samples (range: 0.14 to 0.24, X +/- SD = 0.17 +/- 0.04). The response of the Na+/H+ antiporter to a PKC-independent osmotic stimulation appeared to be normal, thus indicating that the intrinsic Na+/H+ exchanger activity was unaltered. The anti-CD3 induced proliferative response of the group of samples displaying a suboptimal delta pHi, was significantly lower (p less than 0.01) than that detected in control samples. T cell proliferation in samples from BMT recipients displaying a normal delta pHi was undistinguishable from the control group (p greater than 0.05). Our results provide the first evidence for a defective early metabolic event, closely related to PKC activity, in T cells from BMT recipients displaying a low proliferative response to T cell mitogens.
Identifiersissn: 0022-1767
e-issn: 1550-6606
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(IBGM) Artículos

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