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Histopathology of the infection on resistant and susceptible lentil accessions by two contrasting pathotypes of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lentis

AuthorsReza Pouralibaba, Hamid; Pérez de Luque, Alejandro ; Rubiales, Diego
Lens culinaris
Fusarium wilt
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lentis
Quantitative resistance
Issue DateMay-2017
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology 148(1): 53-63 (2017)
AbstractWilt disease of lentil caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lentis (Fol) is one of the most important diseases affecting lentil worldwide. Differential response of six lentil accessions with reported differences in the level of resistance to Fol was studied micro and macroscopically. Penetration took place through root epidermal cells without formation of any specific structure. Hyphae reached the stele within two days after inoculation (dai) and subsequently invaded xylem bundles having colonised the endodermis, vascular system and even vascular parenchyma phloem already by 4 dai. Resistance was observed as a quantitative trait in all studied accessions resulting from varying levels of xylem occlusion with gum-like substances and of degree of colonization observed only after 4 dai. An indication of a qualitative resistance was detected in accession BGE019696 inoculated with pathotype 1 as a fast secretion of phenolic compounds at 4 dai. Plasmolysis of cytoplasm, lignification and accumulation of phenolic compounds, gum-like substances and/or tyloses were observed from 15 to 30 dai. As a result of the various operative mechanisms, significantly lower numbers of propagules were recovered from roots by 15 dai, and a retardation of disease was measured as lower disease index by 30 dai in plants inoculated with pathotype 1, but not in those inoculated with pathotype 7.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-016-1068-6
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