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Hurdles to organic quinone flow cells. Electrode passivation by quinone reduction in acetonitrile Li electrolytes

AuthorsRueda-García, D.; Dubal, Deepak P.; Huguenin, F.; Gómez-Romero, P.
KeywordsRedox flow batteries
Electrode passivation
Lithium electrolyte
Organic electrolyte
Issue Date2017
CitationJournal of Power Sources 350: 9-17 (2017)
AbstractThe uses of quinones in Redox Flow Batteries (RFBs) has been mainly circumscribed to aqueous solutions (of derivatives with polar groups) despite a larger solubility and wider electrochemical window provided by organic media. The redox mechanism of quinones in protic media is simpler and better known than in aprotic media, where radical species are involved. This paper reports the behaviour of methyl-p-benzoquinone (MBQ) under electrochemical reduction conditions in a LiClO[sbnd]CHCN electrolyte and various working electrodes. We detected the reversible generation of a bright green coating on the working electrode and the subsequent formation of a polymer (the nature of which depends on the presence or absence of oxygen). These coatings prevent the regular redox process of methyl-p-benzoquinone from taking place on the surface of the electrode and is generated regardless of the electrode material used or the presence of O in solution. In addition to MBQ, the green passivating layer was also found for less sterically hindered quinones such as p-benzoquinone or 1,4-naphthoquinone, but not for anthraquinone. We have also shown the central role of Li in the formation of this green layer. This work provides important guidelines for the final use of quinones in RFBs with organic electrolytes.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.03.048
issn: 0378-7753
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
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