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Functionalization of polypyrrole nanopipes with redox-active polyoxometalates for high energy density supercapacitors

AuthorsDubal, Deepak P. ; Ballesteros, Belén ; Mohite, Ashwini A.; Gómez-Romero, P.
Issue Date2017
CitationChemSusChem 10(4): 731-737 (2017)
AbstractHybrid materials are very attractive for the fabrication of high-performance supercapacitors. Here, we have explored organic–inorganic hybrid materials based on open-end porous 1 D polypyrrole nanopipes (PPy-NPipes) and heteropolyoxometalates (phosphotungstate ([PWO], PW) or phosphomolybdate ([PMoO], PMo)) that display excellent areal capacitances. Two different hybrid materials (PMo@PPy and PW@PPy) were effectively synthesized and used for symmetric supercapacitors. The anchoring of the inorganic nanoclusters onto the conducting polymer nanopipes led to electrodes that stood up to our best expectations exhibiting outstanding areal capacitances that are almost 1.5 to 2 fold higher than that of pristine PPy-NPipes. In addition, symmetric cells based on PMo@PPy and PW@PPy hybrid electrodes were fabricated and showed significant improvement in cell performance with very high volumetric capacitances in the range of 6.3–6.8 F cm (considering the volume of whole device). Indeed, they provide extended potential windows in acidic electrolytes (up to 1.5 V) which led to ultrahigh energy densities of 1.5 and 2.2 mWh cm for PMo@PPy and PW@PPy cells, respectively. Thus, these unique organic-inorganic hybrid symmetric cells displayed extraordinary electrochemical performances far exceeding those of more complex asymmetric systems.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/cssc.201601610
e-issn: 1864-564X
issn: 1864-5631
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