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Defect chemistry and electrical properties of BiFeO3

AuthorsSchrade, Mattias; Masó, Nahum; Perejón, Antonio ; Pérez-Maqueda, Luis A. ; West, Anthony R.
Issue Date2017
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)
CitationJournal of Materials Chemistry C 5: 10077- 10086 (2017)
AbstractBiFeO attracts considerable attention for its rich functional properties, including room temperature coexistence of magnetic order and ferroelectricity and more recently, the discovery of conduction pathways along ferroelectric domain walls. Here, insights into the defect chemistry and electrical properties of BiFeO are obtained by in situ measurements of electrical conductivity, σ, and Seebeck coefficient, α, of undoped, cation-stoichiometric BiFeO and acceptor-doped BiCaFeO ceramics as a function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure pO. BiCaFeO exhibits p-type conduction; the dependencies of σ and α on pO show that Ca dopants are compensated mainly by oxygen vacancies. By contrast, undoped BiFeO shows a simultaneous increase of σ and α with increasing pO, indicating intrinsic behavior with electrons and holes as the main defect species in almost equal concentrations. The pO-dependency of σ and α cannot be described by a single point defect model but instead, is quantitatively described by a combination of intrinsic and acceptor-doped characteristics attributable to parallel conduction pathways through undoped grains and defect-containing domain walls; both contribute to the total charge transport in BiFeO. Based on this model, we discuss the charge transport mechanism and carrier mobilities of BiFeO and show that several previous experimental findings can readily be explained within the proposed model.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1039/c7tc03345a
issn: 2050-7526
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