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Regulation of potassium uptake and storage

AuthorsRagel, Paula ; Rombolá-Caldentey, B.; Andrés, Zaida ; Pérez-Hormaeche, J.; Quintero, Francisco J. ; Leidi, Eduardo O. ; Cubero, Beatriz ; Pardo, José M.
Issue Date29-Jun-2016
PublisherKorean Society of Plant Biologists
Citation27th International Conference on Arabidopsis Research 29 June ~ 03 July 2016 Gyeongju Hwabaek International Convention Center, KOREA
AbstractPotassium (K) is an essential nutrient for every living organism, but in plants K reaches organismal contents of up to 10% of dry weight. The avidity that plants have for K is a key issue in agriculture. While cytosolic K is kept at homeostatic concentrations close to 100 mM, surplus K is stored in cell vacuoles in large quantities. An array of K transporters and direct regulators (protein kinases and phosphatases, interacting proteins, diffusive chemical messengers) have been identified as the basic elements underpinning K fluxes, but the regulatory networks involved in controlling K homeostasis in individual cells and whole organisms remain largely unknown. Current evidence indicates that active K uptake (i.e., against the electrochemical K gradient) involves K-H symporters at the plasma membrane (HAK, High-Affinity K transporters) and K/H antiporters (NHX) at the tonoplast [1-3]. These transporters, together with K-selective channels that fine-tune the membrane electrical potential by K uptake and release, share common regulators that are focal effectors of K nutrition [4-6]. 1. Gierth, M., P. Maser, and J.I. Schroeder, The Potassium Transporter AtHAK5 Functions in K+ Deprivation-Induced High-Affinity K+ Uptake and AKT1 K+ Channel Contribution to K+ Uptake Kinetics in Arabidopsis Roots. Plant Physiol., 2005. 137(3): p. 1105-1114. 2. Barragan, V., et al., Ion Exchangers NHX1 and NHX2 Mediate Active Potassium ptake into Vacuoles to Regulate Cell Turgor and Stomatal Function in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell, 2012. 24: p. 1127-42. 3. Andrés, Z., et al., Control of vacuolar dynamics and regulation of stomatal aperture by tonoplast potassium uptake. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 2014. 111(17): p. E1806-E1814. 4. Xu, J., et al., A protein kinase, interacting with two calcineurin B-like proteins, regulates K+ transporter AKT1 in Arabidopsis. Cell, 2006. 125(7): p. 1347-1360. 5. Li, L., et al., A Ca2+ signaling pathway regulates a K+ channel for low-K response in Arabidopsis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2006. 103(33): p. 12625-12630. 6. Ragel, P., et al., The CBL-Interacting Protein Kinase CIPK23 Regulates HAK5-Mediated High-Affinity K+ Uptake in Arabidopsis Roots. Plant Physiology, 2015. 169(4): p. 2863-73.
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(IBVF) Comunicaciones congresos
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