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Synthetic approach from polypyrrole nanotubes to nitrogen doped pyrolyzed carbon nanotubes for asymmetric supercapacitors

AuthorsDubal, Deepak P. CSIC ORCID; Chodankar, Nilesh R.; Caban-Huertas, Zahilia; Wolfart, Franciele; Vidotti, Marcio; Holze, Rudolf; Lokhande, Chandrakant D.; Gómez-Romero, P. CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2016
CitationJournal of Power Sources 308: 158-165 (2016)
AbstractPseudocapacitive materials are highly capable to achieve high energy density integrated with high power electrostatic capacitive materials. However, finding a suitable electrostatic capacitive material to integrate with pseudocapacitive material in order to achieve high energy density with good rate capability is still a challenge. Herein, we are providing a novel synthetic approach starting from the synthesis of polypyrrole nanotubes (PPy-NTs) and ending up at the carbonization of PPy-NTs to obtain N-doped carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs). With highly porous nature of PPy-NTs and great graphitic texture with copious heteroatom functionalities, N-CNTs significantly promoted the faradic pseudo-capacitors, demonstrating high single-electrode capacitance over 332 F/g and 228 F/g in 1 M HSO aqueous solution. Further, a novel asymmetric supercapacitor with PPy-NTs as positive and N-CNTs as negative electrode has been fabricated. This PPy-NTs//N-CNTs cell effectively provides high operation voltage (1.4 V) and hence high energy density over 28.95 W h/kg (0.41 mW h/cm) with a high power density of 7.75 kW/kg (113 mW/cm) and cyclic stability of 89.98% after 2000 cycles.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.01.074
issn: 0378-7753
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
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