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Differential rates of digestion of bacteria by freshwater and marine phagotrophic protozoa

AuthorsGonzález Grau, Juan Miguel ; Iriberri, Juan; Egea, Luis; Barcina, I.
Issue Date1990
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and environmental microbiology 56(6): 1851-1857 (1990)
AbstractDifferential decreases over time of two bacterial species, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis, in a freshwater and a marine ecosystem were observed and explained by a differential rate of digestion of these bacteria by phagotrophic flagellates and ciliates. For this purpose, fluorescence-labeled bacteria (FLB) were used and prepared from the two species cited above. The number of FLB was observed for 5 days in fresh and marine waters in the presence or absence (0.2-,unm-pore-size-filtered water) of natural microbiota. These experiments showed a longer persistence of Enterococcusfaecalis FLB is opposed to Escherichia coli FLB in the presence of natural microbiota. Removal of FLB was due to protozoan grazing because no decrease of FLB number was observed in the absence of natural microbiota. In short-term (about 40 min) ingestion experiments, we found similar clearance rates of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis FLB by assemblages of flagelates from the freshwater and the marine ecosystem and by cultured assemblages of ciliates from the marine ecosystem. Clearance rates of Enterococcus faecalis FLB were greater than those of Escherichia coli FLB for assemblages of ciliates from the freshwater ecosystem. Comparison of rates of ingestion and digestion of FLB by protozoa showed that Escherichia coli FLB were digested and ingested at similar rates. However, Enterococcusfaecalis FLB were digested slower than they were ingested. These results suggest that a longer persistence of Enterococcus faecalis as opposed to Escherichia coli can be explained by a differential digestion by flagellates and ciliates in aquatic ecosystems. Moreover, rates of ingestion and digestion were strongly correlated for both FLB types.
Description7 páginas.-- 4 figuras.-- 3 tablas.-- 49 referencias.-- El autor González Grau, Juan Miguel pertenece actualmente al Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla
Publisher version (URL)http://aem.asm.org/content/56/6/1851.full.pdf+html
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