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Bacterivory rate estimates and fraction of active bacterivores in natural protist assemblages from aquatic systems

AutorGonzález Grau, Juan Miguel
Fecha de publicaciónabr-1999
EditorAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitaciónApplied and environmental microbiology 65:(4 ): 1463-1469 (1999)
ResumenUnlike the fraction of active bacterioplankton, the fraction of active bacterivores (i.e., those involved in grazing) during a specified time period has not been studied yet, Fractions of protists actively involved in bacterivory were estimated assuming that the distributions of bacteria and fluorescently labeled bacteria (FLB) ingested by protists follow Poisson distributions. Estimates were compared with experimental data obtained from FLB uptake experiments. The percentages of protists with ingested FLB (experimental) and the estimates obtained from Poisson distributions were similar for both flagellates and ciliates, Thus, the fraction of protists actively grazing on natural bacteria during a given time period could be estimated. The fraction of protists with ingested bacteria depends on the incubation time and reaches a saturating value. Aquatic systems with very different characteristics were analyzed; estimates of the fraction of protists actively grazing on bacteria ranged from 7 to 100% in the studied samples. Some nanoflagellates appeared to be grazing on specific bacterial sizes. Evidence indicated that there was no discrimination for or against bacterial surrogates (i.e., FLB); also, bacteria were randomly encountered by bacterivorous protists during these short-term uptake experiments. These analyses made it possible to estimate the ingestion rates from FLB uptake experiments by counting the number of flagellates containing ingested FLB. These results represent the first reported estimates of active bacterivores in natural aquatic systems; also, a proposed protocol for estimating in situ ingestion rates by protists represents a significant improvement and simplification to the current protocol and avoids the tedious work of counting the number of ingested FLB per protist.
Descripción7 páginas.-- 3 figuras.-- 1 tabla.-- 45 referencias.-- El autor pertenece actualmente al Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla-CSIC.
Versión del editorhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC91219/pdf/am001548.pdf
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