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Disclosing diversity of exopolysaccharide-producing lactobacilli from Spanish natural ciders

AuthorsPuertas, A. I.; Ibarburu, Idoia; Elizaquível, P.; Zuriarrain, Andoni; Berregi, I.; López, Paloma ; Prieto, Alicia ; Aznar, Rosa ; Dueñas, María Teresa
Exopolysaccharides (EPS)
Ropy isolates
Issue DateApr-2018
CitationLWT 90:469-474 (2018)
AbstractLactic acid bacteria (LAB) are naturally occurring bacterial populations in traditional cider from the Basque Country (Spain), which is spontaneously fermented without starters. Some LAB are able to produce exopolysaccharides (EPS) thus causing viscosity, a cider spoilage called “ropiness” or “oilness”. A total of 41 isolates recovered between 1992 and 2009 from ropy ciders of different cider factories were included in the present study. Identification by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, biochemical traits (API), RAPD-PCR using four universal primers (M13, M13V, P1 and P2) and 16S-23S ISRs amplification profiles revealed that the spoiler species were L. collinoides, L. diolivorans, L. sicerae and L. suebicus. EPS production in L. collinoides and L. sicerae strains approached by PCR amplification of eps genes encoding for homopolysaccharide and heteropolysaccharide revealed that these strains synthesize heteropolysacccharides and in addition, L. collinoides CUPV231 synthesizes a 2-branched (1,3)-β-D-glucan. The molecular weight of their EPS determined by HP-SEC revealed the presence of three polymers with average molecular weights (MW) of around 106 g/mol, 104 g/mol and 103 g/mol. The middle-weight fraction was the most abundant except in L. sicerae CUPV261 which mainly produced the high Mw polymer.
Description24 p.-2 fig.-2 tab.-1 fig. supl.-1 tab.supl.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2017.12.048
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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