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Title

Enhanced flexoelectric-like response in oxide semiconductors

AuthorsNarváez, Jackeline ; Vasquez-Sancho, Fabian; Catalán, Gustau
Issue Date2016
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationNature 538(7624): 219-221 (2016)
AbstractFlexoelectricity is a property of all dielectric materials whereby they polarize in response to deformation gradients such as those produced by bending. Although it is generally thought of as a property of dielectric insulators, insulation is not a formal requirement: in principle, semiconductors can also redistribute their free charge in response to strain gradients. Here we show that bending a semiconductor not only generates a flexoelectric-like response, but that this response can in fact be much larger than in insulators. By doping single crystals of wide-bandgap oxides to increase their conductivity, their effective flexoelectric coefficient was increased by orders of magnitude. This large response can be explained by a barrier-layer mechanism that remains important even at the macroscale, where conventional (insulator) flexoelectricity otherwise tends to be small. Our results open up the possibility of using semiconductors as active ingredients in electromechanical transducer applications.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/159426
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/nature19761
e-issn: 1476-4687
issn: 0028-0836
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
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