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Consumption of orange fermented beverage improves antioxidant status and reduces peroxidation lipid and inflammatory markers in healthy humans

AutorEscudero-López, Blanca; Ortega, Ángeles; Cerrillo, Isabel; Rodríguez-Guiñolo, María Rosario; Muñoz Hernández, Rocío; Macher, Hada C.; Martín, Franz ; Hornero-Méndez, Dámaso ; Mena, Pedro; Del Río, Daniele; Fernández-Pachón, María Soledad
Palabras claveOrange fermented beverage
Bioactive compounds
Antioxidant status
Lipid peroxidation
Inflammation status
Healthy humans
Fecha de publicación28-nov-2017
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
ResumenBACKGROUND Alcoholic fermentation of fruits has generated novel products with high concentrations of bioactive compounds and moderate alcohol content. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect on cardiovascular risk factors of the regular consumption by healthy humans of a beverage obtained by alcoholic fermentation and pasteurization of orange juice. RESULTS Thirty healthy volunteers were enrolled in a randomized controlled study. The experimental group (n = 15) drank 500 mL orange beverage (OB) per day for 2 weeks (intervention phase), followed by a 3-week washout phase. Blood samples were collected at baseline (E-T0) and at the end of the intervention (E-T1) and washout (E-T2) phases. Controls (n = 15) did not consume OB during a 2-week period. OB intake significantly increased oxygen radical absorbance capacity (43.9%) and reduced uric acid (−8.9%), catalase (CAT) (−23.2%), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) (−30.2%) and C-reactive protein (−2.1%) (E-T1 vs. E-T0). These effects may represent longer-term benefits, given the decreased uric acid (−8.9%), CAT (−34.6%), TBARS (−48.4%) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (−23.9%) values recorded after the washout phase (E-T2 vs. E-T0). CONCLUSION The regular consumption of OB improved antioxidant status and decreased inflammation state, lipid peroxidation and uric acid levels. Thus OB may protect the cardiovascular system in healthy humans and be considered a novel functional beverage. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry
Descripción40 Páginas; 5 Tablas; 1 Figura
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8774
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/159385
ISSN0022-5142
E-ISSN1097-0010
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