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Title

Effect of acid-treatment and colloidal-processing conditions on the room temperature mechanical and electrical properties of 3YTZP/MWNT ceramic nanocomposites

AuthorsPoyato, Rosalía ; Morales-Rodríguez, A.; Gutiérrez-Mora, F.; Muñoz, A. ; Gallardo-López, A.
Issue Date2017
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationCeramics International 43: 16560- 16568 (2017)
AbstractDifferent colloidal powder processing routines have been used to prepare composites of 3 mol% YO -ZrO (tetragonal zirconia polycrystals, 3YTZP) with 2.5 vol% multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNT) with the aim of achieving a homogeneous distribution of the MWNTs in the ceramic, eliminating agglomerates but also minimizing carbon nanotube (CNT) damage during processing. Modifications of the acid treatment applied to the nanotubes, including subjecting them to stirring or ultrasonic agitation, and use of acid or basic pH during composite powder mixing have been approached. No MWNT damage during processing was detected by Raman spectroscopy. CNT bundles were found in all the composites forming different patterns depending on the processing route. Similar values of hardness were obtained for all the composites, while different anisotropy in fracture propagation was found when studying parallel and perpendicular directions to the sintering pressing axis on the cross sections of the composites due to the MWNT preferential alignment. The CNT bundles were found to act as fracture short paths. A similar anisotropic behavior was observed for the electrical conductivity. These results have been correlated to the different microstructures obtained in the composites prepared with different processing routines.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/159244
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.09.043
issn: 0272-8842
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