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‘Reliability of new poly (Lactic-co-glycolic acid) membranes treated with oxygen plasma plus silicon dioxide layers for pre-prosthetic guided bone regeneration processes’

AuthorsCastillo-Dalí, Gabriel; Castillo-Oyagüe, R.; Batista-Cruzado, A.; López-Santos, Carmen ; González-Elipe, Agustín R. ; Saffar, Jean-Louis; Lynch, Christopher, D.; Gutiérrez-Pérez, José-Luis; Torres-Lagares, Daniel
KeywordsPoly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)
Silicon dioxide layers
Guided bone regeneration (GBR)
oxygen plasma (PO2)
Issue Date2017
PublisherMedicina Oral
CitationMedicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal 22: e242- e250 (2017)
AbstractBackground: The use of cold plasmas may improve the surface roughness of poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) membranes, which may stimulate the adhesion of osteogenic mediators and cells, thus accelerating the biodegradation of the barriers. Moreover, the incorporation of metallic-oxide particles to the surface of these membranes may enhance their osteoinductive capacity. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to evaluate the reliability of a new PLGA membrane after being treated with oxygen plasma (PO) plus silicon dioxide (SiO) layers for guided bone regeneration (GBR) processes. Material and Methods: Circumferential bone defects (diameter: 11 mm; depth: 3 mm) were created on the top of eight experimentation rabbits’ skulls and were randomly covered with: (1) PLGA membranes (control), or (2) PLGA/ PO/SiO barriers. The animals were euthanized two months afterwards. A micromorphologic study was then performed using ROI (region of interest) colour analysis. Percentage of new bone formation, length of mineralised bone, concentration of osteoclasts, and intensity of ostheosynthetic activity were assessed and compared with those of the original bone tissue. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied for between-group com asignificance level of a=0.05 was considered. Results: The PLGA/PO/SiO membranes achieved the significantly highest new bone formation, length of miner- alised bone, concentration of osteoclasts, and ostheosynthetic activity. The percentage of regenerated bone supplied by the new membranes was similar to that of the original bone tissue. Unlike what happened in the control group, PLGA/PO/SiO membranes predominantly showed bone layers in advanced stages of formation. Conclusions: The addition of SiO layers to PLGA membranes pre-treated with PO improves their bone-regeneration potential. Although further research is necessary to corroborate these conclusions in humans, this could be a promising strategy to rebuild the bone architecture prior to rehabilitate edentulous areas.
Identifiersdoi: 10.4317/medoral.21512
issn: 1698-6946
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