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Título

Application of green compost as amendment in an agricultural soil: Effect on the behaviour of triasulfuron and prosulfocarb under field conditions

AutorMarín Benito, Jesús María ; Barba Vicente, Víctor; Ordax, José M. ; Andrades, M. Soledad ; Sánchez Martín, M. Jesús ; Rodríguez Cruz, M. Sonia
Palabras claveDissipation
Mobility
Organic amendment
Soil
Commercial herbicide formulations
Fecha de publicación2018
EditorElsevier
CitaciónJournal of Environmental Management 207: 180-191 (2018)
ResumenHerbicides are essential in agricultural systems for maintaining crop yields, as weeds compromise grain production. Furthermore, the application of organic amendments to soil is an increasingly frequent agricultural practice for avoiding irreversible soil degradation. However, this practice could modify the behaviour of the herbicides applied, with implications for their absorption by weeds. This study evaluated the dissipation, persistence and mobility of the herbicides triasulfuron and prosulfocarb in a sandy clay loam soil unamended and amended with green compost (GC) in a field experiment using single or combined commercial formulations of both herbicides. The study was carried out in experimental plots (eight treatments × three replicates) corresponding to unamended soil and soil amended with GC, untreated and treated with the herbicide formulations Logran®, Auros® and Auros Plus® over 100 days. The half-life (DT50) of triasulfuron applied individually was 19.4 days, and increased in the GC-amended soil (46.7 days) due to its higher adsorption by this soil, although non-significant differences between DT50 values were found when it was applied in combination with prosulfocarb. Prosulfocarb dissipated faster than triasulfuron under all the conditions assayed, but non-significant differences were observed for the different treatments. The analysis of the herbicides at different soil depths (0–50 cm) after their application confirmed the leaching of both herbicides to deeper soil layers under all conditions, although larger amounts of residues were found in the 0–10 and 10–20 cm layers. The application of GC to the soil increased the persistence of both herbicides, and prevented the rapid leaching of triasulfuron in the soil, but the leaching of prosulfocarb was not inhibited. The influence of single or combined formulations was observed for triasulfuron, but not for prosulfocarb. The results obtained highlight the interest of obtaining field data to design rational joint applications of GC and herbicides to prevent the possible decrease in their effectiveness for weeds or the risk of water contamination.
Descripción46 páginas, 2 tablas, 6 figuras. -- The definitive version is available at http://www.elsevier.com
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/158954
DOI10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.11.024
ISSN0301-4797
E-ISSN1095-863
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