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Title

Contact Active Antimicrobial Coatings Prepared by Polymer Blending

AuthorsCuervo-Rodríguez, Rocío; López-Fabal, Fátima; Gómez-Garcés, José L.; Muñoz-Bonilla, Alexandra ; Fernández-García, Marta
KeywordsAntimicrobial
Blend film surfaces
Cationic polymers
Click chemistry
Quaternary ammonium
Roughness
ATRP
Issue Date2017
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationMacromolecular Bioscience 17 (2017)
AbstractHerein, contact active antimicrobial films are prepared by simply blending cationic amphiphilic block copolymers with commercial polystyrene (PS). The copolymers are prepared by combining atom transfer radical polymerization and “click chemistry.” A variety of copolymers are synthesized, and composed of a PS segment and an antimicrobial block bearing flexible side chain with thiazole and triazole groups, 4-(1-(2-(4-methylthiazol-5-yl)ethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl) butyl methacrylate (TTBM). The length of the TTBM block is varied as well as the alkylating agent. Different films are prepared from N,N-dimethylformamide solution, containing variable PS-b-PTTBM/PS ratio: from 0 to 100 wt%. Remarkably, the blend films, especially those with 30 and 50 wt% of copolymers, exhibit excellent antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and fungi, even higher than films prepared exclusively from the cationic copolymers. Blends composed of 50 wt% of the copolymers present a more than 99.999% killing efficiency against the studied microorganisms. The better activity found in blends can be due to the higher roughness, which increases the surface area and consequently the contact with the microorganisms. These results demonstrate that the use of blends implies a reduction of the content of antimicrobial agent and also enhances the antimicrobial activity, providing new insights for the better designing of antimicrobial coatings.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mabi.201700258
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/158886
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/mabi.201700258
issn: 1616-5187
e-issn: 1616-5195
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