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Pseudotrichonympha leei, Pseudotrichonympha lifesoni, and Pseudotrichonympha pearti, new species of parabasalian flagellates and the description of a rotating subcellular structure

AutorCampo, Javier del ; Keeling, Patrick
Fecha de publicaciónnov-2017
EditorNature Publishing Group
CitaciónScientific Reports 7: 16349 (2017)
ResumenPseudotrichonympha is a large and structurally complex genus of parabasalian protists that play a key role in the digestion of lignocellulose in the termite hindgut. Like many termite symbionts, it has a conspicuous body plan that makes genus-level identification relatively easy, but species-level diversity of Pseudotrichonympha is understudied. Molecular surveys have suggested the diversity is much greater than the current number of described species, and that many “species” described in multiple hosts are in fact different, but gene sequences from formally described species remain a rarity. Here we describe three new species from Coptotermes and Prorhinotermes hosts, including small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) sequences from single cells. Based on host identification by morphology and DNA barcoding, as well as the morphology and phylogenetic position of each symbiont, all three represent new Pseudotrichonympha species: P. leei, P. lifesoni, and P. pearti. Pseudotrichonympha leei and P. lifesoni, both from Coptotermes, are closely related to other Coptotermes symbionts including the type species, P. hertwigi. Pseudotrichonympha pearti is the outlier of the trio, more distantly related to P. leei and P. lifesoni than they are to one another, and contains unique features, including an unusual rotating intracellular structure of unknown function
DescripciónCampo, Javier del ... et. al.-- 8 pages, 4 figures, supplementary material https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-16259-8, supplementary video https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41598-017-16259-8/MediaObjects/41598_2017_16259_MOESM2_ESM.mov
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-16259-8
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/158883
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1038/s41598-017-16259-8
issn: 2045-2322
e-issn: 2045-2322
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