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Exogenous salicylic acid protects phospholipids against cadmium stress in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.)

AutorBelkadhi, Aïcha; Haro Bailón, Antonio de ; Obregón, Sara ; Chaïbi, Wided; Djebali, Wahbi
Palabras claveLinum usitatissimum L.
Membrane lipids
Fatty acids
Salicylic acid
Cadmium stress
Fecha de publicaciónoct-2015
CitaciónEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety 120: 102-109 (2015)
ResumenSalicylic acid (SA) promotes plant defense responses against toxic metal stresses. The present study addressed the hypothesis that 8-h SA pretreatment, would alter membrane lipids in a way that would protect against Cd toxicity. Flax seeds were pre-soaked for 8 h in SA (0, 250 and 1000 µM) and then subjected, at seedling stage, to cadmium (Cd) stress. At 100 µM CdCl2, significant decreases in the percentages of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and changes in their relative fatty acid composition were observed in Cd-treated roots in comparison with controls. However, in roots of 8-h SA pretreated plantlets, results showed that the amounts of PC and PE were significantly higher as compared to non-pretreated plantlets. Additionally, in both lipid classes, the proportion of linolenic acid (18:3) increased upon the pretreatment with SA. This resulted in a significant increase in the fatty acid unsaturation ratio of the root PC and PE classes. As the exogenous application of SA was found to be protective of flax lipid metabolism, the possible mechanisms of protection against Cd stress in flax roots were discussed.
Versión del editorhttp://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.05.028
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