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The Chronology of the Neolithic Necropolis Bòbila Maduell-Can Gambús in the Northeast Iberian Peninsula: Dating the Pit Burials Cultural Horizon and Long-Range Raw Material Exchange Networks

AuthorsGibaja, Juan Francisco ; Morell, Berta; Barceló-Álvarez, Juan Antonio; Duboscq, Stephanie; Masclans, Alba; Remolins, Gerard; Roig, Jordi; Martín, Araceli; González Marcén, Paloma; Plasencia, Xavier; Coll, Joan Manuel; Subirà, Mª Eulàlia
KeywordsBayesian modeling of radiocarbon dating
Pit Burials cultural horizon
Radiocarbon dating
Raw materials exchange networks
Statistical analyses
Issue Date2017
PublisherCambridge University Press
CitationRadiocarbon, (59/6) : 1713-1736 (2017)
AbstractBòbila Madurell-Can Gambús is the most emblematic Neolithic cemetery in the northeastern Iberian peninsula, with a total of 179 documented pit burials. Artifacts made of exogenous raw materials, such as honey flint (southeastern France), jadeite, amphibolite, eclogite and nephrite (Alps and the Pyrenees), variscite (coast of northeastern Iberia), and even obsidian (Sardinia), have been found in the burials. The presence of these raw materials is not exclusive to this necropolis, but they have also been documented in many of the graves of this region during this period. The literature has singled out this funerary practice as the Pit Burials cultural horizon. However, until now the chronology of this funerary practice has not been fully defined, so it was difficult to explain the development of the chronology and the networks through which the materials reached northeast Iberia. New, unpublished radiocarbon (14C) dates of Bòbila Madurell-Can Gambús are presented, as well as the results of different statistical analyses and Bayesian modeling that specify its chronology. Through the contribution of new data on the chronology of Bòbila Madurell-Can Gambús new clues regarding the temporal dynamics of pit burials and the raw materials exchange networks associated with them are presented.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/RDC.2017.131
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