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Oceanic variability and sea level changes around the Iberian Peninsula, Balearic and Canary Islands

AuthorsSalat, Jordi ; Lavín, Alicia; González-Pola, C.; Vélez-Belchí, Pedro; Sánchez Leal, Ricardo; Vargas-Yáñez, Manuel; García-Lafuente, Jesús; Marcos, Marta ; Gomis, Damià
Issue DateOct-2017
PublisherInternational CLIVAR Project Office
CitationCLIVAR Exchanges 73: 32-38 (2017)
AbstractThe ocean, with a heat capacity nearly 1200 times higher than the atmosphere, is the main component of the Earth climate system in terms of the energy budgets. One of the main objectives of CLIVAR is to get as much information as possible about the oceanic variability, including sea level changes, as an expression of the oceanic heat storage evolution. This information is currently being used to improve the understanding of interannual to decadal climate variability, assessing changes in the climate system and energy fluxes for model adjustments and tuning, and to improve decadal predictions and longer term projections of climate change. In a regional context, waters around the Iberian Peninsula (including the Balearic Islands) and around the Canary Islands are affected by the northeastern (NE) Atlantic and western Mediterranean variability, including the sills communicating both. In the previous CLIVAR-Spain assessment (2010), the basic knowledge of the oceanic variability and sea level changes in the region was analysed and discussed, based on long term in situ observations and satellite images. In that assessment, the whole recent evolution of the water characteristics (trends and scales of variability for temperature, salinity, heat content and sea level) was described from the first observations to the first decade of the present century. [...]
DescriptionSpecial issue on climate over the Iberian Peninsula: an overview of CLIVAR-Spain coordinated science.-- 7 pages, 2 figures
Publisher version (URL)http://www.clivar.org/documents/exchanges-73
Identifiersissn: 1026-0471
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