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Sex-Dependent Effects of Caloric Restriction on the Ageing of an Ambush Feeding Copepod

AuthorsSaiz, Enric ; Calbet, Albert ; Griffell Martínez, Kaiene
Issue DateOct-2017
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationScientific Reports 7: 12662 (2017)
AbstractPlanktonic copepods are a very successful group in marine pelagic environments, with a key role in biogeochemical cycles. Among them, the genus Oithona is one of the more abundant and ubiquitous. We report here on the effects of caloric (food) restriction on the ageing patterns of the copepod Oithona davisae. The response of O. davisae to caloric restriction was sex dependent: under food limitation, females have lower age-specific mortality rates and longer lifespans and reproductive periods; male mortality rates and life expectancy were not affected. Males are more active swimmers than females, and given their higher energetic demands presumably generate reactive oxygen species at higher rates. That was confirmed by starvation experiments, which showed that O. davisae males burn through body reserves much faster, resulting in shorter life expectancy. Compared with common, coastal calanoid copepods, the effects of caloric restriction on O. davisae appeared less prominent. We think this difference in the magnitude of the responses is a consequence of the distinct life-history traits associated with the genus Oithona (ambush feeder, egg-carrier), with much lower overall levels of metabolism and reproductive effort
DescriptionThis study is a contribution of the Marine Zooplankton Ecology Group (2014SGR-498) at the Institut de Ciències del Mar-CSIC.-- 11 pages, 5 figures
Publisher version (URL)https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-12661-4
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/s41598-017-12661-4
issn: 2045-2322
e-issn: 2045-2322
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