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Coastal Bacterioplankton Metabolism Is Stimulated Stronger by Anthropogenic Aerosols than Saharan Dust

AutorMarín, Isabel ; Nunes, Sdena ; Sanchez-Perez, Elvia D. ; Txurruka, Estibalitz; Antequera, C. ; Sala, M. Montserrat ; Marrasé, Cèlia ; Peters, Francesc
Palabras claveMarine bacteria
Anthropogenic aerosols
Saharan dust
Mediterranean Sea
Coastal areas
Enzymatic activity
Bacterial production
Fecha de publicaciónnov-2017
EditorFrontiers Media
CitaciónFrontiers in Microbiology 8: 2215 (2017)
ResumenIn oligotrophic regions, such as the Mediterranean Sea, atmospheric deposition has the potential to stimulate heterotrophic prokaryote growth and production in surface waters, especially during the summer stratification period. Previous studies focused on the role of leaching nutrients from mineral particles of Saharan (S) origin, and were restricted to single locations at given times of the year. In this study, we evaluate the effect of atmospheric particles from diverse sources and with a markedly different chemical composition [S dust and anthropogenic (A) aerosols] on marine planktonic communities from three locations of the northwestern Mediterranean with contrasted anthropogenic footprint. Experiments were also carried out at different times of the year, considering diverse initial conditions. We followed the dynamics of the heterotrophic community and a range of biogeochemical and physiological parameters in six experiments. While the effect of aerosols on bacterial abundance was overall low, bacterial heterotrophic production was up to 3.3 and 2.1 times higher in the samples amended with A and S aerosols, respectively, than in the controls. Extracellular enzymatic activities [leu-aminopeptidase (AMA) and β-glucosidase (β-Gl)] were also enhanced with aerosols, especially from A origin. AMA and β-Gl increased up to 7.1 in the samples amended with A aerosols, and up to 1.7 and 2.1 times, respectively, with S dust. The larger stimulation observed with A aerosols might be attributed to their higher content in nitrate. However, the response was variable depending the initial status of the seawater. In addition, we found that both A and S aerosols stimulated bacterial abundance and metabolism significantly more in the absence of competitors and predators
Descripción17 pages, 9 figures, 3 tables, supplemental material https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.02215/full#supplementary-material
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.02215
Identificadoresdoi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.02215
issn: 1664-302X
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