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dc.contributor.authorFernández-Moreno, Pablo T.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorGauvrit, Christianes_ES
dc.contributor.authorBarro Losada, Franciscoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMenéndez, Julioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPrado, R. deles_ES
dc.identifier.citationAgronomy for Sustainable Development 35(4): 1469-1476 (2015)es_ES
dc.description.abstractGlyphosate is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide used to kill weeds, especially annual broadleaf weeds and grasses known to compete with commercial crops grown around the globe. However, weeds evolve and develop resistance to glyphosate. Until recently, no case of glyphosate resistance had been detected in France. Glyphosate resistance was indeed recently recorded in a Lolium rigidum weed population from a vineyard in the South of France. Here, we studied the mechanisms of this resistance case. Seed samples of L. rigidum were collected from the vineyard where resistance had been detected, as well as from a nearby area that had no known history of exposure to glyphosate. We studied the effect of retention of glyphosate spray, shikimic acid accumulation, glyphosate absorption and translocation, glyphosate metabolism, and the sequence of the enzyme that glyphosate targets in plants, 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase. Our results show that glyphosate absorption decreased by 30 % in the resistant L. rigidum weed. In addition, glyphosate translocation out of the treated leaves was reduced by 52 %. Finally, the resistant biotype had a serine amino acid substitution at position 106 of the predicted protein, instead of the proline amino acid present in the susceptible population. Our results suggest that the resistant population of L. rigidum presents three different mechanisms of resistance to glyphosate, namely reduced absorption, reduced mobility in the plants, and a mutation in the gene coding for the enzyme targeted by glyphosate.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was partly funded by the Agrochemicals and Environment Association.es_ES
dc.subjectHerbicide resistancees_ES
dc.subjectLolium rigidumes_ES
dc.subjectTarget-site resistancees_ES
dc.titleFirst case of glyphosate resistance in Francees_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
oprm.item.hasRevisionno ko 0 false*
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