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Nano-patterning of surfaces by ion sputtering: Numerical study of the damping effect on the anisotropic Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation

AuthorsVitral, Eduardo; Walgraef, Daniel; Pontes, José; Rabello dos Anjos, Gustavo; Mangiavacchi, Norberto
KeywordsKuramoto-Sivashinsky equation
Finite-difference method
Pattern formation
Issue Date2016
CitationABCM Series on Mechanical Sciences and Engineering (2016)
SeriesLecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering
AbstractThis paper presents a numerical approach to a model describing the pattern formation by ion beam sputtering on a material surface. This process is responsible for the appearance of unexpectedly organized patterns, such as ripples, nanodots and hexagonal arrays of nanoholes. A numerical analysis of preexisting patterns is proposed to investigate surface dynamics, based on a model derived from a anisotropic damped Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation, in a two dimensional surface with periodic boundary conditions. While deterministic, its highly nonlinear character gives a rich range of results, making it possible to describe accurately different patterns. A finite-difference semi-implicit splitting scheme is employed on the discretization of the governing equation. Simulations were conducted with realistic coefficients related to physical parameters (anisotropies, beam orientation, diffusion). The stability of the numerical scheme is verified with time step and grid spacing tests for the pattern evolution. Hexagonal patterns were obtained from a monomodal initial condition for a higher value of the damping coefficient, while spatiotemporal chaos appeared for lower values. The hexagonal ordered character of the structure was shown to be directly proportional to the damping coefficient.
DescriptionSeries Editors: da Costa Mattos, Heraldo, Martins Costa, Maria Laura, Laredo dos Reis, João.
Appears in Collections:(IFISC) Libros y partes de libros
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