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Title

An Oleuropein β-Glucosidase from Olive Fruit Is Involved in Determining the Phenolic Composition of Virgin Olive Oil

AuthorsVelázquez-Palmero, David ; Romero-Segura, Carmen ; García-Rodríguez, Rosa ; Hernández, María L.; Vaistij, Fabián E.; Graham, Ian A.; Pérez Rubio, Ana Gracia ; Martínez-Rivas, José Manuel
Keywordsβ-Glucosidase
Olea europaea
Oleuropein
Olive fruit
Phenolic compounds
Virgin olive oil
Issue Date7-Nov-2017
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Plant Science 8: 1902 (2017)
AbstractPhenolic composition of virgin olive oil is determined by the enzymatic and/or chemical reactions that take place during olive fruit processing. Of these enzymes, β-glucosidase activity plays a relevant role in the transformation of the phenolic glycosides present in the olive fruit, generating different secoiridoid derivatives. The main goal of the present study was to characterize olive fruit β-glucosidase genes and enzymes responsible for the phenolic composition of virgin olive oil. To achieve that, we have isolated an olive β-glucosidase gene from cultivar Picual (OepGLU), expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves and purified its corresponding recombinant enzyme. Western blot analysis showed that recombinant OepGLU protein is detected by an antibody raised against the purified native olive mesocarp β-glucosidase enzyme, and exhibits a deduced molecular mass of 65.0 kDa. The recombinant OepGLU enzyme showed activity on the major olive phenolic glycosides, with the highest levels with respect to oleuropein, followed by ligstroside and demethyloleuropein. In addition, expression analysis showed that olive GLU transcript level in olive fruit is spatially and temporally regulated in a cultivar-dependent manner. Furthermore, temperature, light and water regime regulate olive GLU gene expression in olive fruit mesocarp. All these data are consistent with the involvement of OepGLU enzyme in the formation of the major phenolic compounds present in virgin olive oil.
Description12 Páginas; 7 Figuras; 1 Tabla
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01902
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/157888
DOI10.3389/fpls.2017.01902
E-ISSN1664-462X
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