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Characterization of mechanosynthesized Bi1−xSmxFeO3 samples unencumbered by secondary phases or compositional inhomogeneity

AuthorsGil-González, Eva; Perejón, Antonio ; Sánchez-Jiménez, P.E. ; Hayward, Michael A.; Criado Luque, J.M. ; Sayagués, María Jesús ; Pérez-Maqueda, Luis A.
Mechanochemical processing
Structure identification
Phase transitions
Sm substituted BiFeO3
Issue Date2017
CitationJournal of Alloys and Compounds 711: 541- 551 (2017)
AbstractHigh-quality samples, in terms of phase purity and dielectric properties, of composition BiSmFeO (0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.20) have for the first time been prepared by mechanosynthesis. Close inspection of the powder diffraction data, analysis via Rietveld refinement and TEM microscopy demonstrates that the BiSmFeO samples contain only perovskite phases. Additionally, by a combination of Rietveld analysis, TEM, DSC, temperature-dependent XRD and permittivity data a tentative phase diagram has been proposed where the high temperature paraelectric phase Pnma has been confirmed for samarium substituted BiFeO. Regarding the physical properties, the samples resulted to be electrically homogenous and highly insulating at room temperature, suggesting that other sources of conductivity, such as mixed valence of Fe associated with possible oxygen non-stoichiometry, have been avoided during the samples synthesis. In spite of the high quality of the samples, the dielectric and magnetic behaviour of the BiSmFeO samples change only modestly on Sm substitution, with neither a great change in the resistivity or remnant magnetisation of Sm substituted samples in comparison with BiFeO.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.03.289
issn: 0925-8388
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